Climate change causes

What is ‘climate change’?

Climate change usually refers to changes in the Earth’s climate that have occurred since the beginning of the last century. These changes are due to both natural and human factors.

Natural causes include interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere, changes in the Earth’s orbit and volcanic eruptions; while human factors are primarily linked to the release of greenhouse gases – such as carbon dioxide and methane – into the atmosphere through the burning of fossil fuels. These gases absorb energy that is radiated from the Earth’s surface, warming the atmosphere and increasing temperatures globally.

This process has been termed global warming. More heat at Earth’s surface means more energy in the planet’s weather systems resulting in changes in climate.  Climate change is therefore not only shown by increased annual temperatures but also increased frequency in extreme weather conditions such as flooding, hurricanes and storm surges.  

Tackling climate change

It is everyone's responsibility to ensure that our actions have a minimal impact on the state of the planet we leave for the future.

Council operations release emissions at a local level, it is therefore the council’s intention to take a leading role in tacking climate change locally and ensure that its powers and incentives be used effectively to reduce emissions in the community.

Last reviewed: 09 - 12 - 2014

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